Configurando o XGL no Debian

  • Post author:
  • Post category:Sem categoria

How To Install XGL on Debian Etch (Testing) by sonique

WARNING : This software and documentation are ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY,
Author of this docucumentation can’t be in charge of any bug, crash, errors…
Release v1.2 – June, 6 2006

Before Anything
Download Packages
Xorg configuration (optional)
Packages Rpm to deb
Installing Libraries
Script to launch Xgl
Launch Xgl
Xgl by default
Back to Xorg
Compiz at startup
Compiz shortcuts

Xgl new X server for Linux and other unix.
documentation inspirate by wunslov’s blog
You can help me by leaving comments, thanks
demo here :
– google novell official video
– linuxedge screenshot
For the Lastest News : Look my blog

Look my blog, and read the lastest news, users comments, and F.A.Q..
Before anything :

– you need a fast computer (1Ghz minimum)
– you need a graphic card in this list
– install laster Nvidia (or ATI) drivers
– upgrade your distrib (apt-get update && upgrade)
– having gnome 2.12 or higher (apt-get install gnome-desktop-environment)
– be sure you have Xorg 6.8 or 6.9 NOT Xorg 7.0 some problem for the moment.
– install alien (apt-get update && apt-get install alien)
– install libdrm2 libpng3 libxdamage1 libxcomposite1 libxfixes3 libxrender1 (apt-get install libdrm2 libpng3 libxdamage1 libxcomposite1 libxfixes3 libxrender1)

NEW !!! I have been writed an Auto-Install script ! Download and run it, and Xgl is installed !
– Download it here (english) or here (french)
– Try it (sh and leave comment please (here)
Ready ? Go !

download this packages : search them in listing for lastest release here
or directly here (June 3 2006)
sonique mirror(June 3 2006)
Xorg Configuration (optional)

You need add this lines in /etc/X11/xorg.conf :
Section “Extensions”
Option “Composite” “true”
and in Device Section (optional):
Option “RenderAccel” “true” # nvidia
Option “backingstore” “true” # nvidia and Ati
RPM to Deb

Log you as root
move evry file in a same folder
this command create deb packages form rpms
alien *.rpm
this command install deb packages generate by alien
dpkg -i *.deb
Install XGL libraries
You need Glitz Library, Fontenc Library and xfont Library (from Ubuntu)

cd /usr/lib
tar xfvz folder_where_are_all_files/xgl-libs.tgz
Write a script to launch XGL

back in root folder
cd /root/
Xgl is now installed on your system, you need to launch it !

Try XGL now !!!
Write this script

———– c0de : ———–
##### Launch XGL Xserver ####
Xgl -accel glx:pbuffer -accel xv:fbo:1 & sleep 5;
##### Launch Gnome ####
DISPLAY=:0 gnome-session &
#### Launch Compiz (this thing create effect (cube fade…) ####
sleep 30; DISPLAY=:0 compiz –replace gconf decoration wobbly fade minimize cube rotate zoom scale move resize place switcher menu water &
#### Launch gnome decorator to actualise ####
DISPLAY=:0 gnome-window-decorator
———– c0de : ———–
Now launch Xgl

You must stop Xorg before
log you as root

———– c0de ———–
/etc/init.d/gdm stop
———– c0de ———–

wait about 45 secondes you will see effects 😉
any error, bug, crash ? please report them here
Evrything work ? Use Xgl by default
You can replace Xorg by Xgl, and you can back to Xorg when you want :
Using symbolic link

———– c0de ———–
cd /etc/X11
ls -l
# you can see X is linked to Xorg
rm X
ln -s /usr/X11R6/bin/Xgl X
———– c0de ———–
If you want back to Xorg

———– c0de ———–
cd /etc/X11
ls -l
# you can see X is linked to Xgl
rm X
ln -s /usr/X11R6/bin/Xorg X
———– c0de ———–
You can do that with gdm

Edit /etc/gdm/gdm.conf
Add a server-Xgl and set 0 to Xgl in server section

0=Xgl # replace X by Xgl

#——– New c0de ——–
command=/usr/X11R6/bin/Xgl :0 -fullscreen -ac -accel glx:pbuffer -accel xv:fbo
#——– New c0de ——–

pbuffer : pixel buffer
fbo : Frame Buffer Object (extention OpenGL)
Load Compiz at gnome startup

to look Compiz effect at gnome startup you need launch it with “startup programs”.
You can found it in desktop > preferences > sessions > startup programs.

you need write this script, (in this example script is named “.xgl” and it’s saved in home directory) :
———– c0de ———–
sleep 2
compiz –replace gconf decoration wobbly fade minimize cube rotate zoom scale move resize place menu switcher water &
———– c0de ———–
Change Shortcuts in gnome (Gconf)

With Compiz you can change desktop, use exposé, zoom…
If you want change shortcuts, you must use GConf. you can found it in Applications > System > GConf Editor
Or launching gconf-editor &
Compiz configuration is in :
/apps/compiz/plugins/ { cube | fade | rotate | … }/screen0/options
In left pannel you can see Keys and Values. You can change Values to reconfigure shortcuts, reconfigure others parameters like speed, number of desktop…

menu GConf

Default ShortCuts (Compiz from SuSe)

Switch windows = Alt + Tab
Arrange and View All Windows = F12 turns on or off; clicking a window will zoom it to the front
Switch desktops on cube = Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Switch desktops on cube – with active window following = Ctrl + Shift + Alt + Left/Right Arrow
Rotate cube manually = Ctrl + Alt + left-click
Make window translucent/opaque = currently only possible with the “transset” utility
Zoom-in once = Super-key right-click
Zoom-in manually = Super-key + wheel mouse up
Zoom-out manually = Super-key + wheel mouse down
Move window = Alt + left-click
Snap Move window (will stick to borders) = Ctrl + Alt + left-click
Resize window = Alt + right-click
Bring up the window below the top window = Alt + middle-click
Slow-motion = Shift + F10
Water = hold Ctrl + Super key
Rain = Ctrl + F9
Change Opacity = Ctrl + Alt + Wheel mouse (up + | down -)
Film effect – changing dekstop = Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow (hold the Ctrl+Alt then for changing desktop + Left/Right arrow. You can also hold down the left mousebutton to move the “film”) Can be used in combination with the “Switcher”.
Some Screenshots




contact : sonique_irc (at) yahoo (dot) fr
leave comment here : sonique’s blog no registration need
Cet HowTo en Francais
sonique’s website

visitor since 4 april 2006 :