Configurando XFCE 4.2 no Debian Gnu/Linux

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Neste artigo abaixo do site os-cillation.com, descreve como instalar e configurar o XFCe 4.2 no Debian Gnu/Linux, documenta??o em ingl?s.

We have created Debian packages with recent snapshots of the upcoming Xfce 4.2 desktop environment for i386 machines. We’ve build the packages on a Debian testing (sarge) machine, so you need atleast Debian testing to install them. We haven’t tested these packages on Debian unstable (sid), it is likely that they work with unstable as well, but your mileage may vary. In any case, we don’t provide support for installing the packages on Debian unstable machine.

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If you have currently installed Xfce 4.0.x on your Debian machine, it is highly suggested that you uninstall it before you continue with the instructions below. To uninstall perform the command

# apt-get remove –purge libxfce4util-1

where the –purge parameter is optional, but suggested. Please see the Debian manuals for more information on APT. In addition, it is recommended to also remove or rename any existing ~/.xfce4 directory, but atleast to remove any customized menu.xml file, since the file format has changed in Xfce 4.2. For example

$ mv ~/.xfce4 ~/dot.xfce4-4.0

will backup your old .xfce4 directory. Also the startup process of Xfce has changed. If you’ve used the xfce4_setup to setup Xfce 4.0 as your desktop, you’ll probably have to remove the files .xsession and .xinitrc in your home directory.

Now, to start the installation of the debian packages, add the following line to the file /etc/apt/sources.list on your system:

deb http://www.os-cillation.de/debian binary/
deb-src http://www.os-cillation.de/debian source/

Afterwards you’ll have to update your package cache using the command

# apt-get update

This may take some time depending on your bandwidth.

If you want to install only the Xfce 4.2 core desktop components, use the command

# apt-get install -t binary xfce4

if you removed any Xfce 4.0 as mentioned above or if Xfce wasn’t installed previously. Else, the above command might fail, but you might succeed using the command

# apt-get upgrade

in that case, though this way of installing isn’t suggested nor supported.

If you plan to install the complete base desktop environment that we use for the Xfld distribution, use the command

# apt-get install -t binary xfld-desktop

instead. This will install several panel plugins, a recent snapshot of the ROX file manager and the network card configuration tool we use with Xfld. If you’ve used one of the available ROX debian packages, you may need to uninstall them before, as with the Xfce 4.0 packages, see the notes above.

If the installation succeeds, you can start using Xfce now. If you are using a display manager like GDM or KDM, Xfce will automagically appear in the menu. Else if you are using XDM, you’ll have to create a file .xsession in your home directory with the following content

#!/bin/sh
exec /usr/bin/startxfce4

and mark the file executable (chmod +x ~/.xsession). If you use startx to log in to your X desktop, create a file .xinitrc in your home directory with the content

#!/bin/sh
exec /usr/bin/startxfce4

and mark the file executable (chmod +x ~/.xinitrc).

Now you are finally done and can start to enjoy your trip with Xfce 4.2. If you have any problems, have a look at the Forum.